News/All pieces

New: Paludiculture newsletter

New: Paludiculture newsletter

Subscribe now!

28/06/2019 The Greifswald Mire Centre (GMC)would like to raise your awareness on the first issue of its paludiculture newsletter. With this newsletter the GMC aims to keep a growing community informed on peatlands and paludiculture. You will find news from research, practice, politics, as well as announcements of conferences and other events and recommended publications. The newsletter is issued at irregular intervals in German and English. If you wish to subscribe, please write an e-mail to communicatio(at)greifswaldmoor.de. It’s sufficient to put ‚Subscription for paludiculture newsletter‘ in the mail’s subject header.
The newsletter is currently provided by the BOnaMoor Project.

Paludiculture studies for the Baltic States

Paludiculture studies for the Baltic States

Feasibility discussed in three workshops

24/06/2019 During the last two months stakeholders met in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to discuss the feasibility of paludiculture in the Baltic States. These workshops were organised by partners within the project ‘Paludiculture in the Baltics’, funded by the European Climate Initiative (EUKI). For each state a feasibility study and land classification for paludiculture was discussed. Representatives from agricultural and environmental ministries, other authorities, stakeholder associations (farmers, foresters) and the civil society acknowledged the relevance of adapted peatland management for the protection of organic soil carbon and mitigation of GHG emissions. They also discussed the agricultural policy framework for paludiculture and opportunities to overcome current regulatory obstacles by reforming EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Despite the lack of ready-made business schemes and marketing options for paludiculture products participants were eager to push paludiculture further. And enjoyed tasting a typha snack and other gourmet paludiculture products…

 

 

2627‐910X

2627‐910X

New GMC proceedings
04/06/19 The Greifswald Mire Centre publishes the GMC proceedings for better accessibility and citation of own reports and other project results. Two new volumes are now available. In the first volume 2019, emission assessment for peatlands in Greifswald, management recommendations and other results of the MORGEN project are summarised; in the second volume, the current status and new ideas for voluntary finance instruments for peatland protection are presented. This study was carried out within the MoorDialog project. The Proceedings of the Greifswald Mire Centre with its own ISSN (2627-910X) already include two earlier publications (2018) and appear online at irregular intervals.

PRIMA puts paludiculture into practise

PRIMA puts paludiculture into practice

Collectng research data on Typha (Photo: S. Wichmann)

New project on Cattail and Reed
20/05/19 From May 2019, paludiculture on fen sites will be studied in depth by the new Project Bringing paludiculture into practice: integration – management – cultivation. 'Paludi-PRIMA' investigates the cultivation and profitability of Cattail (Typha latifolia, Typha angustifolia) and Reed (Phragmites australis). A demonstration site of approx. 10 ha will be established in NE Germany to gain large-scale experience, including machine planting and harvesting of Cattail. A mesocosm experiment investigates the influence of genetics, water level and nutrient availability on the development of plants and their biomass quality, e.g. the suitability as thatching reed. In addition, PRIMA aims at improving the framework conditions of paludiculture, organises field days and develops practical guidelines and recommendations. The three-year joint project is carried out by four working groups of the University of Greifswald in cooperation with the Research Centre for Agriculture and Fisheries Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The project is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL).

Breakthrough for the Aquatic Warbler

Breakthrough for the Aquatic Warbler

Translocation in restored peatland successful

16/04/19 Already three Aquatic Warblers translocated in 2018 from a large breeding site in Belarus to a restored site in Lithuania have returned in the first days of May to Lithuania from the winter areas. This has proven for the first time that such conservation measure is possible and successful in this species. The translocation was part of a LIFE project. Details and pictures can be found here. The GMC supports the LIFE project as advisor and currently prepares a similar LIFE proposal for this global threatened mire species.

Poster WMBD2019

Nile basin peatlands seriously threatened!

Nile basin peatlands seriously threatened!

Result of 3 weeks fieldwork + fact finding in 5 African countries

16/04/19 Three weeks of fieldwork in five countries within the Nile basin project of Greifswald Mire Centre and Wetlands International revealed worrying facts on conditions of peatlands there. Agriculture, farming, peat extraction and infrastructure projects seriously threaten peatlands in  this transboundary region stretching over ten countries in total. For example, the scientists stated  accelerated depletion of peatlands by burning and farming in Southeastern Uganda during the last 10 years. In Southeastern Rwanda peatlands are on the edge of disappearance: A new peat fueled electricity plant is being built in Gisagara and planned to start working in 2020. It is expected to threaten 8,000 ha  of peatlands. There are also large peat extraction sites in Gishoma. The Nile basin project, conducted by the Greifswald Mire Centre, Wetlands International and further partners, assesses the potential of avoiding carbon emissions in the Nile basin wetlands. Based on mapping distribution and status of peatlands in the region recommendations for technical and political discussions will be developed.

MoKli – work on the ground large scale

MoKli – work on the ground large scale

Joining forces with land users for solutions

29/03/19 The new project MoKli – abbreviated and merged from the German terms ‘Moor’ (peatland) and ‘Klima’ (climate) – wants to implement practical solutions for sustainable peatland use by joining forces with land users. For this new project University of Greifswald and the Succow Foundation, both partner in the GMC, team up with the German Association for Landcare (DVL).
While facts on peatland and climate are sufficiently known, action is now urgently needed: MoKli therefore develops strategies for climate friendly use of peatlands in Germany and their regional adaptations. The project conveys knowledge on peatlands and paludiculture to land owners and users and to local authorities, associations and enterprises in the fields of water management, agriculture and nature conservation. 
In five peatland-rich federal states of Germany MoKli will develop and apply cooperative solutions in model regions at water (sub)catchment area level. Together with local stake-holders, new production methods for the utilisation of peatland biomass will be initiated. In addition, the project wants to create and promote the profession of the 'peatland carbon farmer' (German: Moor-Klimawirt) who delivers ecosystem services to society and is recognised for doing so. Jointly with political decision-makers at local, state, federal and EU level MoKli acts to improve framework conditions for peatland climate protection.

UN resolution on peatlands

UN resolution on peatlands

Joint efforts during UN Environment Assembly

15/03/19 The United Nations Environment Assembly of the United Nations Environment Programme adopted during its 4th session in Nairobi 11–15 March 2019 a resolution on UNEP/EA.4/RES.16 ‚Conservation and Sustainable Management of Peatlands‘. Published in 6 languages, the resolution urges member states and other stakeholders to give greater emphasis to the conservation, sustainable management and restoration of peatlands worldwide. The GMC supported UN Environment staff with background information and text. The resolution also calls for more coordinated effort and will be followed up by a workshop with global conventions and organisations co-organised by BfN, UN Environment, GMC and Wetlands International in May.

Thawing permafrost: one of 5 largest environmental threats

Thawing permafrost: one of 5 largest environmental threats

UNEP Frontiers report based on GMC expertise

07/03/19 The new report Frontiers 2018/19: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern issued by the United Nations‘ Environmental Organisation (UNEP) defines five pressing but hitherto underestimated environmental threats. Thawing Arctic permafrost is one of them. The chapter Permafrost Peatlands: Losing ground in a warming world is authored by Prof. Hans Joosten (GMC).

Besides detailled background information the chapter offers a new circumpolar map on the distribution of permafrost and Arctic peatlands based on the Global Peatland Database of the GMC. UNEP’s „Frontiers“ reports regularely address environmental threats of global implications which are not yet being sufficiently recognised and tackled/fought against. The report is being translated into six languages and made available to governments and environmental institutions worldwide.

BOnaMoor + DESIRE

BOnaMoor + DESIRE

New projects starting

20/02/19 The Greifswald Mire Centre is happy about two new paludiculture projects starting: BOnaMoor aims at optimising thermal utilisation of fen biomass. Peatland scientists and landscape ecologists of Greifswald University examine its growth and yields at the agricultural enterprise Voigt. They will also conduct an economic and financial assessment. Engineers of the Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin specialised on renewable energies analyse combustion at the heating plant Malchin as well as in the laboratory.
The project is funded by the Federal Ministry for Agriculture through the Fachagentur für nachwachsende Rohstoffe (FNR). The international project DESIRE develops sustainable peatland management for nutrient retention and other ecosystem services through restoration and paludiculture within the Neman River catchment. The project is part of the regional programme Interreg Baltic Sea and is coordinated by the GMC (Greifswald University and Succow Foundation). It supports politicians and other decision-makers in assessing their region’s paludiculture potential and in utilising peatlands sustainably. DESIRE develops pilot sites, fosters communication on wet peatland management and assesses it economically.